The All India Muslim League held its session in Lahore on 23 March 1940, in which the famous Lahore Resolution (now called the ‘Pakistan Resolution’) was adopted. The Resolution runs as under:
RESOLVED that it is the considered view of this session of the All India Muslim League that no Constitutional Plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to Muslims, unless it is designed on the following basic principle, namely, the geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary, that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North Western and Eastern Zones of India, should be grouped to constitute ‘independent states’, in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.
On this occasion, M.A. Jinnah had sand: it has always been taken for granted mistakenly that the Musalmans are a minority. The Musalmans are not a minority. The Musalmans are a nation by any definition. What the military Government of India for 150 years has failed to achieve cannot be realized by the imposition of Central Federal Government except by means of armed force. The problem in India is not of an inter-communal character but manifestly of an international one and it must be treated as such. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state.
Elections to Provincial and Central Legislatures, 1945-46
The issue creation of Pakistan was put to test at the general elections of 1945-46, the results showed a decisive victory for the idea of Pakistan. The League won all Muslim seats in the Central Assembly and 446 out of a total of 495 Muslim seats in provincial assemblies. The Congress won a similar victory in the Hindu constituencies and came to power in all the provinces that had a Hindu majority. In Bengal, the Muslim League won 113 out of a total 119 Muslim seats, and was able to form a ministry with Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy as Chief Minister. In the Punjab, the Muslm League captured 79 out of 86 Muslim seats. In Sindh, a Muslim League ministry was formed. Only in the North-West Frontier Province did the League fall short of a majority by winning only 17 out of a total of 36 Muslim seats and the Congress formed a ministry under Dr. Khan Sahib. The 1946 elections proved conclusively that the Muslim League alone represented the Muslims of India.
(Source: Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan by Hamid Khan)