The Mutiny which ended in 1858 disrupted a number of institutions and individuals based in Delhi. Three such scholars migrated to Deoband and resumed teaching there. Their efforts in course of a number of years grew into Darul Uloom which is the leading conservative Islamic institute of higher learning in India. Some earnest Muslims compare it to the Al-Azhar University at Cairo.
Like Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Darul Uloom took a stand against the partition of the country. Their foresight told them that it would not take too many years for Muslims to get a key hold over the politics of India. This viewpoint was invertedly complimented by Ayatollah Khomeini in the early 1980's. When asked about his views on M.A. Jinnah by a Pakistani journalist, the Ayatollah said that all was well with the Qaid-e-Azam except perhaps his vision. If only Jinnah had patience, he should have waited for the whole of India to fall into the Muslim lap. He said the Qaid hurriedly settled for two-fifths of India, a truncated Pakistan. As it happened, Pakistan also broke into two, thus dividing the Indian ummah into three parts. If Darul Uloom's views had prevailed, today the prime minister of undivided India would invariably have been a Muslim. Forty percent of the population would be Muslim.
So much for the vision of the Deobandi leaders. But that is not all. According to reports from Pakistan, the Taliban (plural for Talib which means student) is the ideological product of Darul Uloom. From the Islamic point of view this is no mean achievement.