Iqbal : The life of a Poet, Philosopher and Politician by Zafar Anjum, a Muslim scholar from Bihar, is an eye opener. The volume throws light on the role played by Allama Iqbal in motivating the Ummah ( Muslim community) and Quaid-e-Azam Jinnah to ask for a separate homeland for Muslims. It was Iqbal who had provided the religious underpinning that Muslims were a Nation and not a Minority.
Secularist Hindus know only about the poet Iqbal and not the politician Iqbal. Hindus are fond of quoting, often, Sare Jahan Se accha Hindustan hamara. They have not bothered to understand that all this nationalism was part of his thinking before he left for Europe in 1905. Zafar Anjum says that, the three years that Iqbal spent in Europe transformed his outlook. Not only did he reject nationalism he also brought into focus the importance of religion so far ignored by Muslim leaders. Returning to India (1908) Iqbal saw the coast of Sicily, which was once a beacon of Islam's greatest triumph in Europe. He saw it now as tombs of Muslim culture. On being invited to participate in a Hindu-Muslim-Sikh forum in 1908, he remarked; I have myself been of the view that religious differences should disappear from this country….But now I think that the preservation of their separate national identities is desirable both for the Hindus and the Muslims. The vision of a common nationhood for India is a beautiful idea and has a poetic appeal… but appears incapable of fulfillment.
The reader should remember that on the demand of Muslims, the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909 provided for separate electorates for Muslims.
Allahabad Address: Addressing the annual session of All India Muslim League in 1930, Iqbal inter-alia observed: the principle of European democracy cannot be applied to India without recognizing the fact of communal groups. The Muslim demand for the creation of a Muslim India within India is, therefore, perfectly justified. … I would like to see the Punjab, North-Western Frontier Provinces, Sind and Baluchistan amalgamated into a single State-self government within the British Empire or without the British Empire. The formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim state appear to me the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of North West India…. Continuing his address, Iqbal observed: one lesson I have learnt from history of Muslims is that at critical moments in their history, it is Islam which has saved Muslims and not vice-versa. ... And what is patriotism but a form of idolatory. … Islam could not tolerate idolatory in any form. It is our eternal mission to protest against idolatory in all its forms. What was to be demolished by Islam could not be made the very principle.
Letters from Iqbal to Jinnah (1937)
Iqbal, until death in 1938, went on guiding M.A. Jinnah on the course of action that the Muslims League should adopt in dealing with the British and the Indian National Congress.
Letter dated 28 May, 1937: After a long and careful study of Islamic law I have come to conclusion that if this system of law is properly understood and applied, at least the right to subsistence is secured to every Muslim. But the enforcement and development of the Shariat of Islam is impossible in this country without a free Muslim State. This has been my honest conviction for many years and I still believe this to be only way to solve the problem of Muslims.
Letter dated 21 June, 1937:… During the last few months there have been several Hindu-Muslim riots in India….I have carefully studied the whole situation and believe that the real cause of these riots is neither religious nor economic. It is purely political i.e., the desire of the Sikhs and Hindus to dominate Muslims…. ….In these circumstances it is obvious that the only way to peaceful India is a redistribution of the country on the lines of racial, religious and linguistic attributes. Why should not the Muslims of North-West India and Bengal be considered as nations entitled to self determination just as other nations in India and outside India are? Any wonder that the Muslim League's Resolution adopted at Lahore in March, 1940 demanding Pakistan follows the views expressed by Allama Iqbal.
This is with reference to the recent controversy about Aligrarh Muslim University and the celebrations on the anniversary of the Marxist Raja of Aligarh, who donated land to the AMU for its establishment.
Sir, Punjab University was shifted to Chandigarh from Lahore at the time of partition. Similarly AMU should also have been shifted to Lahore. But it was not. AMU was the epicenter of earthquake that shook and divided the country in 1947. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan had laid the foundation of two-nation theory.
Instead of celebrating the anniversary of the traitor Marxist Raja who donated his land for the centre of anti-national activities, BJP should have condemned the Raja for his anti-national act which has done permanent damage to the country.
Jyoti Basu also donated his large property to the Marxist movement and ruled West Bengal for 35 years. West Bengal has now become Wasted Bengal under the reign of the Marxist traitors and Terrrorist Ma Congress (TMC). WB is now in turmoil due to the invasion of Bangladeshi intruders. They fooled the CPM for 35 years by voting for it. Now they are fooling the TMC by voting for it. Anti-national forces are active in W. Bengal under the umbrella of Terrorist Ma Congress which is not defending the Hindus in Malda and other areas, Separatists hall soon demand a separate country in the vicinity of B'desh which is a curse for India. Indira Gandhi is the mother of this curse. Fools praise her for dividing Pakistan, Firing on the border of India and East Pakistan had its own advantages. There was no intrusion.
Amrit Lal Rawal, Ass. Prof. Retd.
East Patel Nagar, New Delhi – 8