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ISLAMISM
THE MAJLIS-E-ITTIHAD-UL-MUSLIMEEN-RESURRECTION OF MUSLIM LEAGUE (1906-1947)
Feb 2015

The entry of MIM into the political arena is reminiscent of the establishment of All India Muslim League at Dacca in 1906.It was the Muslim League which spearheaded the demand for separate homeland for Muslims in 1940.  Before 1940, it claimed itself as a Muslim minority and enjoyed all the benefits and concessions.  In 1940, it declared itself, as a Nation and forced the division of India that led to the emergence of Pakistan in 1947.  The aims and objects of MIM are almost the same as pursued by the Muslim League between 1906-1940.  The MIM has a history.  It is this organization that had supported the demand for an Independent Islamic State of Hyderabad during 1946-47.  Sardar Patel had termed this phenomenon as cancer in the belly of Hindustan.  In the interest of maintaining the unity and integrity of India, the organization should be banned.  The following pages give a brief idea of the how the organization came into being and the havoc it caused to the people of Hyderabad state.

It needs to recalled that after the announcement of the division of India  Quaid-e-Azam Jinnah, the life time President of Muslim League, left for Pakistan.  Choudhry Khaliquzzaman then become the president of the Indian Muslim League. In his letter dated 10th, September, 1947 addressed to Khaliquzzaman, Shaheed Suhrawardy, Premier of undivided Bengal advised the Muslims of India on how to conduct themselves. The Muslims of India appear to have followed Plan laid out by Suhrawardy in September 1947.  The letter is reproduced at page 7-8.

Majlis-i-Ittehad-ul-Mussalmeen: It was founded in 1926 by one Mahmud Nawaz Khan, a retired official of this State.  Its objectives were to unite the Muslims in the state in support of the Nizam and to reduce the Hindu majority by large scale conversion to Islam.  A year later, in 1927 one Bahadur Khan was spotted by the Nizam and elevated to the name of Bahadur Yar Jung and was called upon to lead the Ittehad.

In orders to check the internal misrule in the state, the British Crown appointed four Englishmen to head important departments in the state.  Muslim aristocracy protested against this move of the Crown. In due course this gave birth to the Mulki Movement by Muslims.  The Movement aimed at the elimination of all non -Hyderabadis from the seat of power and influence.  However, the non-Muslims were mostly Muslims from North India.  They raised the slogan of Muslim sovereignty over Hyderabad.  This was a pro-Muslim movement, and anti-British and anti-Hindu.  In 1929 Nizam banned all pubic meetings.  The ban in practice, however applied only to Hindus.

Persecution of Hindus: The British passed the Government of India Act, 1935 which provided for provincial autonomy. This led to similar demands in the princely states.  Progressive elements in Hyderabad state convened a convention of Hindus and Muslims. At this meeting Muslim leaders demanded 50 percent reservation for 13 percent Muslim in the state. This 50:50 communal ratio became a constitutional fundamental with the Nizam and his advisers till the end of the regime. During the Nizam's regime, under official pressure, private harassment and threats of violence, Hindus were also prevented from building or even repairing a temple in any locality where Muslims resided.  Hindu temples were often desecrated but the culprits were rarely traced and if traced, never punished. Hindu religious teaches were prohibited from delivering discourses while the Muslim divines, the members of the Ittehad under the leadership of Bahadur and deendars were allowed to carry on vigorous campaign of proselytizing Hindus.   In this connection, a memorial was submitted to the Governor-General, by M.S. Aney, Sir P.C. Ray, Sir C.Y. Chintamani and Sir P.S. Sivaswami that Hindus be given at least elementary religious freedom in Hyderabad.  

Sir Akbar Hydari, the Prime Minister of Hyderdabad, was a confirmed communalist. Though Akbar publicaly swore by Hindu-Muslim unity, the Government over which he presided did everything to strengthen the Ittehad, banned the state congress and interfered with the religious freedom of the Hindus as never before. Though 86 percent were Hindus, state-aided education could only be given through Urdu or English.  Besides pursuing this policy Sir Akbar lavishly financed the Osmania University. Its primary aim was to attract fanatic Muslim scholars and bring up a race of young educated Muslims indoctrinated with the Muslim conquistador spirit. When this came to the notice of Lord Irwin, the then Viceroy of India, he sounded a note of warning to the Nizam on December 16, 1929: He told the Nizam that it will be the task of a mature statesman to so shape the policy of the Osmania University that it may have as strong an appeal to the Hindus as to the Mahomedan subjects of your Exalted Highness. The Nizam did not care!  

Views of Sir Salar Jung: On Munshi's arrival in Hyderabad,Sir Salar Jung,  an eminent nobleman of Hyderabad told Munshi: These people will never accede, our lives and properties are at the mercy of Razvi. If you want to solve the problem, do not remove the army from Secunderabad. I have served the state for years; I am the premier noblemen, but all the time I am afraid for my life.

 

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