The Muslim League officially resolved to demand partition on 23 March
1940. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar soon set about thinking through the ramifications of creating
Pakistan. The author of this book has not come across anyone who thought so quickly, so
thoroughly, or so sincerely about the security of Hindus.What he wrote gives an insight
into what he thought of partition six or seven years before it took place. And how
remarkably right he was. Had we listened to him, India would not have suffered.
By 1941, Dr. Ambedkar's detailed work entitled Pakistan or the
Partition of India was on shopshelves. By 1946, a third edition had been published.
Much later in 1990, the book was reprinted as part of Ambedkar's complete works by the
Government of Maharashtra. It formed Volume 8 of the comprehensive publication
The chapters in this book largely consist of extracts from that
book.Dr. Ambedkar was one of the few people who recommended partition for the sake of
Hindu safety and Hindustan's military security. He however insisted on the bifurcation of
Bengal and Punjab so that most Hindus of those provinces could stay with Hindustan without
having to move or migrate. The chapters retain the flavour of the foresight and do not
read like pieces of history.
Apart from the inevitable vivisection of territory, he strongly advocated an exchange
of population. The Muslims on the Indian side were to emigrate to Pakistan and non-Muslims
from Pak territory were to come away to this side of the border. Dr. Ambedkar did not
consider the transfer of population unduly difficult and quoted the precedents of
Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey.
How will the creation of Pakistan affect the defence of Hindustan? asked Babasaheb from
the viewpoints of frontiers, of resources, of the armed forces, of communal peace, of
redrawing of boundaries.